The Victorian Period was an important time in the history of wallpaper production. The transitional years after the Industrial Revolution, in the 1840's, saw technological and economic progress, with large scale manufacture roller printing replacing the widespread technique by which individual rolls (pieces) were printed by hand.
The Victorian papers from Little Greene include many of the London Wallpapers from the English Heritage archive. The Victorian passion for exploration , wildlife, science and botany is reflected in the exotic nature of many of the motifs and patterns. The artistic and hand made appearance of some of the designs shows the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement, despite their machine made factory production.
The Late 19th Century Oriental designs Blossom, Camellia, China Rose, Peony and Shojo are heavily influenced by traditional Japanese kimono design, where known motifs were simultaneously being printed using comparable techniques to those in the western world.
At the turn of the century as the Victorian Period became the Edwardian Era, the centre of production had shifted from London. Edwardian decor was less formal, fresh, cheerful and more feminine than the previous century. Heavier and darker designs were replaced with pastel colours and flowers, whilst lighter, more airy designs became more prominent. Bedford Square c.1900, Lansdowne Walk c.1910, Marlborough c.1915 are designs from this period in time.